Posts at this category "Engines"

VR6 Engine

VR6 and subsequently VR5 are internal combustion engines, first released in 1991. They are known for narrow-angle (10.5 or 15 degrees) V shape. Having 6 cylinders, VR cylinder block contains 2 cylinder banks (left 1-3-5 and right 2-4-6), covered by sole cylinder head cover. R32 is a famous representative of EA390 series. This VR6 3.2L naturally aspirated gasoline motor was employed for Volkswagen Golf R32 mk4/5 in addition to being a part of some other Volkswagen and Audi automobiles. Motor...

4B11 Engine

4B11 is a 2.0L motor, released in 2007 as an alternative to legendary 4G63 owing to stricter emission demands. Having naturally aspirated and turbocharged modifications, it was applied for Mitsubishi Lancer and EVO X cars. As a result, 4B11 turns out to be an aluminum motor featuring modern electronics, used in latest 4G6 versions. Gaining aluminum cylinder block with both bore and stroke of 86 millimeters, 4B11 is a steady and free-revving motor. Balance shafts were eliminated. 16V aluminum...

2GR-FE Engine

2GR-FE is a 3.4L V6 gasoline motor for transverse mounting, first released in 2004 as an alternative to 1MZ-FE V6 and celebrated 2JZ. Soon after its launch, it turned into one of the most popular brand’s engines, applied for Toyota Camry, RAV4 and Highlander. Moreover, this engine is utilized for Lexus IS 350, GS 350, RX 350 and some other vehicles, including Lotus Evora S and Exige S. Identical to 1GR-FE, 2GR keeps a cast aluminum open deck cylinder block with spiny cast iron sleeves cast...

2UZ-FE Engine

Toyota 2UZ-FE is a 4.7 L V8 motor, constructed specifically for trucks and SUVs. Due to that, this motor gained great capacity, low-rev and astonishing torque. While 1UZ-FE and 3UZ-FE keep aluminum cylinder blocks, 2UZ gained cast iron one, which is stronger and less expensive. But its main disadvantage is that it can be deformed due to engine mass. In other details, this motor has identical styling and size but for enlarged bore and stroke. Besides, it features a 90 degree angle, 21 mm...

1NZ-FE Engine

Toyota 1NZ-FE is a 1.5 L (1,497 cc, 91.35 cu-in) inline-four four-stroke naturally aspirated gasoline engine, production of which was launched in 1999 at Kamigo Plant. It keeps block of aluminum and cylinder head featuring double overhead camshaft and 4 valves for every cylinder. Compression index equals to 10.5. Cylinder bore is 75 millimeters (2.95 inches) while piston stroke is 84.7 millimeters (3.34 inches). This motor features electronic fuel injection system, VVT-i (Variable Valve Timing...

13B Engine

Mazda 13B, also named Mazda Wankel Engine, is a 1.3 L (1308 cc) motor, manufactured for more than 30 years and employed for many brand’s vehicles, including celebrated sports car RX-7. Having much in common with 12A engine and looking like its elongated modification, this one also keeps a two-rotor construction without any changes in rotors’ radius, which remained the same since the manufacture of 10A. Rotors are 80 mm (3.1 inches) thick. Primary versions of 13B featured carbureted fuel...

RB26DETT Engine

RB26DETT is a famous Nissan motor, production of which was launched in 1989. Initially, it was designed for Nissan Skyline GT-R R32, but was also applied for Nissan 300ZX and 350Z, Ford Mustang, Infiniti G35 and some other automobiles. Unlike RB25DET, this engine utilizes cylinder block with no oil port. It features crankshaft with piston stroke of 73.7 mm, similar rods to the ones applied for RB25DET NEO, 1mm lower pistons and compression index of 8.5. Aluminum head covers cylinder block with...

CA18DET Engine

CA18DE is a 1.8L (1,809 cubic centimeters, 110.39 cubic inches) inline-4, 4-cycle gasoline motor of Nissan CA series, manufactured in 1987-1989. CA18DE features DOHC system with 4 valves for each cylinder, block of cast iron, aluminum cylinder head plus well-balanced 5-bearing crankshaft. Motor keeps Multiport Fuel Injection system. It owns cylinder block of cast iron 204.8 millimeters (8.06 inches) wide, a monoblock with specific casting texture, with a 5-bearing support system. Having...

SR20DET Engine

SR20, a celebrated Nissan motor, was first released in 1989 as an alternative to cast-iron CA20. Initially, it was employed for Nissan Bluebird automobile. SR20DE, a well-known motor of the lineup, has a square shape with identical piston stroke and cylinder width of 86 mm. Motor keeps aluminum cylinder block containing dry cast iron sleeves. Rods have length of 136.3 mm. Cylinder head consists of 2 camshafts with four valves per each cylinder. Having multi point fuel injection system, motor...

VQ35HR Engine

In 2006, a new version of VQ-series motors, 3.5L VQ35HR engine, was presented. It’s employed for rear drive Nissan and Infinity automobiles. 80% of old Nissan VQ35DE motor details were subjected to major restyling and updates to make a new motor more durable at high rpm. Engineers consolidated aluminum cylinder block and made it higher by 8.4 mm. As a result, longer connecting rods were utilized (152.2 mm). Compression index was raised due to usage of more lightweight pistons made of...

M20B25 Engine

M20B25 is a 2.5 L inline-six, 4-cycle naturally aspirated gasoline engine, built on the framework of the M20B20 2.0L motor. Being a part of the series of BMW M20 motors, it was built between 1985 and 1991 at the company’s plant in Munich. This motor keeps a block of cast iron and head of aluminum with overhead camshaft and two valves in each of six cylinders. The sizes of cylinder bore and piston stroke are 84.0 mm (3.31 inches) and 75.0 mm (2.95 inches) correspondingly. Fuel injection is...

1UZ-FE Engine

1UZ is the primary engine of the UZ range, which also included 2UZ and 3UZ. Being first released in 1989, this 4.0L motor served as an alternative to Toyota 5V, being as efficient and trustworthy as its predecessor. The brand utilized this motor for the biggest Toyota and Lexus vehicles. 1UZ-FE features an aluminum cylinder block with DOHC 90° V8 configuration and thin cast-iron sleeves. Connecting rods are 146 mm long. Having 2 aluminum heads, it’s a twin cam motor with four valves on...

FB20 Engine

FB20 is a third-generation 2.0L flat-four engine, first released in 2010. It was constructed as a substitute to EJ motors. Though FB20 seems to be alike to EJ, it features a great number of differences. It features a restyled aluminum cylinder block with diminished piston bore. Growth of piston stroke helped to preserve the same offset, but increased torque at low revs.  In order to make the motor exterior look like EJ, Subaru used asymmetrical connecting rods. FB20 keeps cylinder heads with...

FB25 Engine

FB25 are a new-generation engine by Subaru brand, first produced in 2010. It is a 2.5L non-turbo boxer 4-cylinder motor, meant to substitute EJ25 in Subaru Legacy and Forester. Being a more powerful modification of FB20, this motor features a great number of new technologies and innovations. It has aluminum cylinder block and identical stroke, but 94 bore cast iron sleeves contribute to greater displacement. Cylinder walls are 3.5 mm thick. To decrease friction inside the block and lessen...

FA20 Engine

2.0L FA20 motor is a common venture of Subaru and Toyota (4U-GSE). FA20 was employed for Subaru BRZ coupe car while Toyota utilized 4U-GSE for Toyota 86 and Scion FR-S. This motor is built on a framework of FB20. It features an absolutely restyled bottom. Fresh crankshaft, rods and pistons were employed. The motor has a square shape, having identical bore and stroke sizes and reaching 1:1 bore/stroke proportions. In comparison with FB20, compression index is bigger and equals to 12.5:1. Intake...

3VZ-FE Engine

The family of petrol engines of the VZ series, manufactured by Toyota, to which the 3VZ-E engine belongs, first saw the light in the fall of 1987. The incentive was the development of the nearest competitor – the Nissan corporation, which in 1983 demonstrated at the Tokyo Motor Show the first in Japan V-shaped six-cylinder engine. The return move did not take long. Having abandoned all efforts to develop, in just four years, Toyota Corporation showed the world an improved version of the...

VQ35DE Engine

The VQ35 engine is considered to be one of the most mass-produced engines of Nissan. This engine has received more than one award, as  “the best engine of the year.” VQ35 replaced the VQ30DE, which belonged to the first generation of VQ engines. This new engine, 3.5 liters in the most common version has a capacity of 280 forces. It should be added that in its (second) generation VQ35 had versions with a capacity of 230-250 forces, and in the third – 260-300. The versions of...

1AZ-FE Engine

AZ series was introduced since 2000 – to gradually supplant the legendary S series, and for ten years remained the main mid-size engine of company. Installed in many initially FF C/D/E-class cars, vans, light- and medium-SUVs. 1AZ-FE engine can be seen as a simplified version of 2AZ-FE. There is no balancing mechanism. No oil nozzles in the block. Pistons have larger skirt. – For some regions specific modifications was produced – for leaded gasoline, without VVT, without...

2ZZ-GE Engine

Toyota 2ZZ-GE engine was produced from 1999 to 2006 year. The displacement of the cylinders is 1.8 liters (1796 cubic cm). The cylinder diameter is 82 mm, and the stroke of the piston is 85 mm. Equipped with the MFI fuel injection. The gas distribution system is designed as a DOHC with four valves per cylinder and an additional option VVTL-i. The compression ratio is 11.5: 1, which increases the requirements for gasoline – it is recommended to use no lower than 95th gasoline. Engine power...

M54B25 Engine

The BMW M54 (2000-2006) is an internal combustion inline-six petrol engine. Being manufactured for the BMW X5 (E53), it’s a substitute for the M52 engine. In 2002 and 2003, it became one of the greatest engines, according to the list of 10 Best Engines by Ward’s. The BMW S54 is the identical high performance engine, employed for the E46 M3, the Z4 M and the Z3 M Coupe/Roadster. The BMW M56 SULEV is built on a basis of the M54, which production gradually stopped after the launch of the N52...

M44B19 Engine

The BMW M44 is a 4-cylinder engine, which replaced the M42 engine and was produced from 1995 to 2001 at Steyr. This power unit has taken a leading position in the program of four-cylinder engines of BMW and compared to the M42, M44 has been made on the set of structural changes in the engine and the control system and the exhaust system. M44 is a powerful engine with high torque created on the basis of the M42 engine. It’s concept is so that allowed the engine to comply with all legal...

EJ22 Engine

Subaru EJ22 engine was released in 1990, and firstly placed in Impreza and Legacy models. Later, it was applicated on the Outback. During its existence, this engine has gone through many upgrades that were designed not only to increase the power but also on the efficiency and reliability. One of the major engine modifications that the pistons were coated with molybdenum. This reduced friction, and reduced susceptibility to scuffing.   Subaru EJ22 engine...

N20B20 Engine

In 2011, BMW started to produce its N20B20 turbocharged four-cylinder engine, which was meant to be used instead of six-cylinder N53B25 and N53B30 inline engines. The engine features an aluminum cylinder block, which has two balance shafts and cylinders with the steel armor. Moreover, the engine features forged crankshaft with four counterbalances planted with offset. The length of connecting rods, which are almost identical to the ones of BMW N55, is 144.35 mm. Also, the N20B20 features FM...

S54B32 Engine

BMW S54 Engine – much more productive and high-revving engine in comparison to BMW S52 engine. The S54 engine is based on a cast iron base. The cylinder head is cast from an aluminum alloy, but a little lighter than on the M54 series. Engine’s chain is double and has rollers. The Dual Variable Valve Timing system called Double VANOS timing on intake and exhaust camshafts began to work in a wider range, which affected the more precise responsiveness of the engine at different...

5VZ-FE Engine

Toyota 5VZ-FE, a 3.4L V6 motor, was first produced in 1995 as a modified version of 3VZ-FE. It was meant for the brand’s SUVs and off-road vehicles. Keeping the cast iron cylinder block like its predecessor, 5VZ-FE features a larger bore for 3.4L capacity instead of 3.0L. The motor has a V-shaped configuration with 60-degree cylinders angle. In order to achieve the compression index of 9.6, restyled pistons were applied. The aluminum cylinder heads with dual overhead camshafts comprise 4...

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