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FB25 is a new-generation engine by Subaru brand, first produced in 2010. It is a 2.5L non-turbo boxer 4-cylinder motor, meant to substitute EJ25 in Subaru Legacy and Forester.
Being a more powerful modification of FB20, this motor features a great number of new technologies and innovations. It has an aluminum cylinder block and identical stroke, but 94 bore cast iron sleeves contribute to greater displacement. Cylinder walls are 3.5 mm thick. To decrease friction inside the block and lessen the compression index to 10.0:1, Subaru utilized restyled pistons.
FB motors keep aluminum heads (DOHC with 4 valves per cylinder), containing cylinder head and camshaft carrier, which decreases thickness and mass of metal. Lifters are replaced by roller rocker arms. Intake and exhaust camshafts feature AVCS, a variable valve timing system. After equipping cylinder heads with fuel injectors, engine became more powerful though the injection system is rather intricate.
To achieve higher airflow, Subaru restyled intake and exhaust valves and ports. Every FB25 motor is equipped with maintenance-free timing chains. Changes in exhaust system concerned fresh manifolds and diameters of tubes for more efficiency and catalytic converter warming-up improvement.
In 2014, some minor changes were made. Cylinder walls became thinner (3.2 mm) and fresh pistons were utilized to reach a higher compression index of 10.3:1. Heads gained restyled intake ports and other intake valves of 36 mm. Besides, the intake manifold and exhaust system were subjected to updates.
In comparison with EJ25, FB25 is more responsive at low speeds. Having an identical output, it achieves lower rpm and higher torque at lower rpm. Moreover, it consumes less fuel. As a result, FB25 turns out to have more benefits.
|Manufacturer||Gunma Oizumi Plant|
|Also called||Subaru FB25|
|Cylinder block alloy||Aluminum|
4 valves per cylinder
|Piston stroke, mm (inch)||90 (3.54)|
|Cylinder bore, mm (inch)||94 (3.70)|
|Displacement||2498 cc (152.4 cu in)|
|Power output||127 kW (172 HP) at 5,800 rpm
129 kW (175 HP) at 5,800 rpm
|Torque output||236 Nm (174 lb·ft) at 4,100 rpm
235 Nm (173 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm
|HP per liter||68.9
|Weight, kg (lbs)||–|
|Fuel consumption, L/100 km (mpg)
|Subaru Forester 2.5
|Oil consumption, L/1000 km
(qt. per miles)
|up to 1.0
(1 qt. per 600 miles)
|Recommended engine oil||0W-20
|Engine oil capacity, L (qt.)||4.8 (5.1)|
|Oil change interval, km (miles)||5,000-10,000
|Normal engine operating temperature, °C (F)||–|
|Engine lifespan, km (miles)
-No life span loss
- 2011+ North American Subaru Forester
- 2013+ North American Subaru Legacy
Is Subaru FB25 an interference motor?
Yes, FB25 is an interference motor. All Subaru engines since 2010 are interference.
FB25 Engine Problems and Reliability
The FB25 has no issues with high oil consumption instead of the FB20. The lifespan of the maintenance-free timing chains and associated systems (slider, tensioner, etc.) is designed to be about the same as the useful lifespan of the engine itself.
The engine is good and reliable, the lifespan is about 200,000 miles.