BMW M40B16 Engine Specs And Problems

The M40B16 is a lightweight modification of the M40 1.8-liter (marking M40B18). According to some sources, this engine has an M43 code, but that is not quite correct. M40 is widely used to equip younger models of BMW E30, E36, and Z3.

The 1.6-liter engine firstly was combined with Bosch Motronic 1.3 on the BMW E30 316i (sedan, coupe, and station wagon since 1988). Since 1991, with the DME digital engine, and electronic control system, a less powerful version M40B16 engine was installed on the BMW E36 316i (sedan, coupé, touring, convertible and sedan-CD).

M40B16 Specs

ManufacturerSteyr Plant
Also calledBMW M40
Cylinder block alloyCast iron
2 valves per cylinder
Piston stroke, mm (inch)72 (2.83)
Cylinder bore, mm (inch)84 (3.3)
Compression ratio9
Displacement1596 cc (97.4 cu in)
Power output73 kW (100 HP) at 5,500 rpm (E36)
75 kW (102 HP) at 5,500 rpm (E30)
Torque output141 Nm (104 lb·ft) at 4,250 rpm (E36)
143 Nm (105 lb·ft) at 4,250 rpm (E30)
Redline6,200 rpm
HP per liter62.7
Fuel typeGasoline
Fuel systemBosch Motronic 1.3 (E30)
Bosch Motronic 1.7 (E36)
Weight, kg (lbs)~132 (290)
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (mpg)
for E36 316i
10.2 (23.1)
6.1 (38.6)
7.5 (31.4)
TurbochargerNaturally aspirated
Oil consumption, L/1000 km
(qt. per miles)
up to 1.0
(1 qt. per 750 miles)
Recommended engine oil0W-30, 0W-40, 5W-30, 5W-40, 10W-40, 15W-50
Engine Oil Capacity, L (qt.)4.0 (4.2)
Oil change interval, km (miles)7,000-10,000
Normal engine operating temperature, °C (F)90-95 (195-203)
Engine lifespan, km (miles)
-Official information

300+ (185)
Tuning, HP
-Max HP
-No life span loss

BMW M40B16 Engine Oil Capacity

The BMW M40B16 engine takes 4.2 quarts of 0W-30 oil with a filter replacement.

What Cars Have A BMW M40B16 Engine?

  • BMW 316i E30
  • BMW 316i E36

BMW M40B16 Engine Problems And Reliability

Typical failures of M40 are:

  1. Problems with the timing belt. Here it is much thinner than in the M20. The broken belt flaps bend and pistons can crack the cylinder head.
  2. Cylinder head. You can hear knocks due to their wearing process.
  3. Oil starvation of the head. As a result, increased wear of all engine friction parts will ultimately result in premature engine repair.
  4. Bandwidth reduction of fuel nozzles associated with their pollution. The result is a sharp dip at the opening of the throttle valve.
  5. Cooling system. Wear of plastic flanges, whereby the coolant leakage occurs, which leads to overheating.
  6. An increase in fuel consumption and unstable work of the engine. The cause of this very common problem lies in the failure of the lambda probe.

Main recommendation – to replace the belt every 40 000 km at the same time with the roller and fill in time and only high-quality oil.





The information provided in this article is for general informational purposes only. The author and publisher make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability, or completeness of any information presented. The reader is advised to consult a qualified professional, such as a mechanic or dealership, before making any decisions related to their vehicle's engine oil or maintenance.