2GR-FE is a 3.4L V6 gasoline motor for transverse mounting, first released in 2004 as an alternative to 1MZ-FE V6 and celebrated 2JZ. Soon after its launch, it turned into one of the most popular brand’s engines, applying for Toyota Camry, RAV4, and Highlander.
Moreover, this engine is utilized for Lexus IS 350, GS 350, RX 350, and some other vehicles, including Lotus Evora S and Exige S.
Identical to 1GR-FE, 2GR keeps a cast aluminum open deck cylinder block with spiny cast iron sleeves cast into the block material. The angle between cylinder banks is 60 degrees. The motor keeps a forged steel crankshaft along with 5 counterbalances and forged rods.
Pistons of aluminum helps to decrease friction owing to skirts with resin covering. Block utilizes oil jets, which sprinkle pistons with oil and lower their temperature.
Every cylinder head consists of aluminum alloy, camshaft housing, and valve cover. 2GR features double overhead chain-driven intake and exhaust camshafts on the cylinder’s adverse sides. The main timing chain controls intake camshafts.
Intake camshafts manage exhaust ones through secondary chains. Valve timing is provided with the Dual VVT-I system. Roller rocker arms operate valves. As hydraulic lash adjusters are applied, valve clearance is automatically regulated.
2GR-FE keeps a plastic variable-length intake manifold driven by Acoustic Control Induction System, which chooses the proper length by engine revs by opening and closing intake air control valve. Simultaneously, an Electronic Throttle Control System with intelligence controls the throttle valve.
The acceleration pedal features a position sensor and wires, having no physical contact with the throttle body. Motor gained L-type sequential fuel injection system and DIS ignition.
Separate ignition coils are placed in their caps for each spark plug. Stainless steel exhaust manifolds and a three-way catalytic converter control the exhaust gas outlet on each side.
2GR-FE Engine Oil Capacity
Toyota 3.5L 2GRFE engine requires 6.4 quarts of synthetic oil with a filter.
Toyota recommends 5W-20, 0W-20, 5W-30, or 0W-30 for better fuel economy.
2GR-FE Engine Specs
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|Also called||Toyota 2GR|
|Cylinder block alloy||Aluminum|
4 valves per cylinder
|Piston stroke, mm (inch)||83 (3.27)|
|Cylinder bore, mm (inch)||94 (3.70)|
|Displacement||3456 cc (210.9 cu in)|
|Power output||183 kW (249 HP) at 6,000 rpm|
200 kW (270 HP) at 6,200 rpm
201 kW (272 HP) at 6,200 rpm
205 kW (278 HP) at 6,200 rpm
206 kW (280 HP) at 6,400 rpm
227 kW (309 HP) at 6,400 rpm
232 kW (315 HP) at 6,400 rpm
234 kW (318 HP) at 6,400 rpm
241 kW (328 HP) at 6,400 rpm
257 kW (350 HP) at 7,000 rpm
265 kW (360 HP) at 6,400 rpm
|Torque output||317 Nm (234 lb·ft) at 4,800 rpm|
336 Nm (248 lb·ft) at 4,700 rpm
333 Nm (246 lb·ft) at 4,700 rpm
346 Nm (255 lb·ft) at 4,700 rpm
350 Nm (258 lb·ft) at 4,600 rpm
377 Nm (278 lb·ft) at 4,800 rpm
377 Nm (278 lb·ft) at 4,800 rpm
380 Nm (280 lb·ft) at 4,800 rpm
400 Nm (295 lb·ft) at 4,800 rpm
400 Nm (295 lb·ft) at 4,500 rpm
498 Nm (367 lb·ft) at 3,200 rpm
|HP per liter||72|
|Weight, kg (lbs)||163 (360) 2GR-FE|
|Fuel consumption, L/100 km (mpg)|
|for Lexus RX350|
|Oil consumption, L/1000 km|
(qt. per miles)
|up to 1.0|
(1 qt. per 750 miles)
|Recommended engine oil||0W-20, 5W-20, 5W-30, 0W-30|
|Engine Oil Capacity, L (qt.)||6.1 (6.4)|
|Oil change interval, km (miles)||5,000-10,000|
|Normal engine operating temperature, °C (F)||–|
|Engine lifespan, km (miles)|
-No life span loss
What Cars Have A Toyota 2GR-FE Engine?
- 2004–2012 Toyota Avalon (GSX30)
- 2012–2018 Toyota Avalon (GSX40)
- 2006–2012 Toyota Aurion (GSV40)
- 2005–2012 Toyota RAV4/Vanguard (GSA33/38)
- 2006–present Toyota Estima/Previa/Tarago (GSR50/55)
- 2006–2011 Toyota Camry (GSV40)
- 2011–2017 Toyota Camry (GSV50)
- 2006–2012 Lexus ES 350 (GSV40)
- 2012–2018 Lexus ES 350 (GSV50)
- 2007–2009 Lexus RX 350/Toyota Harrier (GSU30/31/35/36)
- 2009–2015 Lexus RX 350 (GGL10/15/16)
- 2007–2016 Toyota Highlander/Kluger (GSU40/45/50/55)
- 2007-2012 Toyota Blade (GRE156)
- 2007-2013 Toyota Mark X Zio (GGA10)
- 2008–present Toyota Alphard/Vellfire (GGH20/25)
- 2008–2016 Toyota Venza (GGV10/15)
- 2009–present Lotus Evora (280ps & 350Nm using Lotus engine management, Sport Pack package redline increased to 7000rpm)
- 2006–2016 Toyota Sienna (GSL20/23/25/30/33/35)
- 2009-present Bolwell Nagari 300
- Toyota Corolla (E140/E150) (for Super GT use)
- Lotus Evora GTE (modified 4-liter version with 470 hp N/A for race use in the ALMS and at the 24 Hours of Le Mans)
- 2007-2009 TRD Aurion (TRD supercharger)
- 2009-present Bolwell Nagari 300 (Sprintex supercharger)
- 2011–16 Lotus Evora S (345 hp, 295 lb-ft)
- 2012 Lotus Exige S (345 hp, 295 lb-ft)
- 2017-present Lotus Evora 400 (400, 410, 430 hp)
- 2018 Lotus Exige Cup (430 hp)
2GR-FE Engine Modifications
2GR-FE (since 2005) is a primary variation. Gaining a compression index of 10.8, it reaches an output of 277 hp at 6,200 rpm and a torque of 346 Nm (255 lb-ft) at 4,700 rpm.
2GR-FSE (D4S) (since 2006) is identical to the previous version but features a direct injection system. Gaining an increased compression rate of 11.8, it achieves 296-318 hp.
2GR-FXE (since 2010) has much in common with 1GR-FE, managed by the Atkinson cycle. The compression rate equals to 12.5 while the output is 249 hp at 6,000 rpm and a torque of 317 Nm (234 lb-ft) at 4,800 rpm. Another version of this motor with a compression index of 13 reaches 295 hp at 6,000 rpm and a torque of 352 Nm (260 lb-ft) at 4,500 rpm.
2GR-FZE (since 2010) is a sport version of a motor, containing a supercharger and gaining 325-350 hp. Lotus Exige, Evora, and Toyota Aurion TRD utilize it.
Toyota 2GR-FE Engine Problems And Reliability
- Leakage of oil. It has to do with the oil tube in a VVT-I lubrication system. This tube is made of iron and rubber and that rubber part may begin to leak in the course of time. Due to this trouble, many Toyota automobiles were withdrawn. If your motor was manufactured before 2010, you’d better change the iron-rubber tube for a metal one.
- Noisy start. Being widespread trouble for 1 and 2GR motors, it deals with the VVT-I system, which must be checked and repaired.
- Low speed of the idle run. Take into account that the throttle body must be cleaned after every 30,000 miles (50,000 kilometers) run.
- Squeaking noise from the engine compartment. Some 2005-08 Avalons, 2006-08 RAV4s, 2007-08 Camrys, Siennas, and 2008 Highlanders (all with the 2GR-FE 3.5L V6) may emit an annoying squeaking sound from the engine bay when the engine is idling. A worn No. 2 idler pulley is one likely noise source, says Toyota. Replacing it with a more rugged design (Part No. 16604-0P011) and adding an extra pulley cover plate (Part No. 16649-31020) should silence the noise in short order.
- Notice that there are two idler pulleys. Avalon, Camry, and Sienna models use both, so you’ll have to double up when you order the new-design pulley. RAV4 and Highlander models have electric power steering, so they use just one No. 2 idler pulley on the lower right in the illustration.
Also, take note that the No. 2 idler pulley is sandwiched between two cover plates. The plate to the outside of the pulley already comes on the engine. The plate inside the pulley is the extra one that must be installed to eliminate the squeak.
Don’t forget to order two extra cover plates for Avalons, Camrys, and Siennas, and one for RAV4s and Highlanders. You can get at the pulleys by working through the passenger-side wheel well opening. After installing the new pulley(s) and extra cover plate(s), tighten the retaining bolt(s) to 40 ft.-lbs.
- Spark plugs and ignition coils.
Additionally, a freshwater pump must be acquired after every 30,000-45,000 miles (50,000-70,000 kilometers) as it may leak if it’s too old. Besides, primary versions of this engine may face problems with the disarrangement of ignition coils.
If proper maintenance is provided, the 2GR motor can run for more than 180,000 miles (300,000 kilometers). Moreover, try to buy engine oil of the best quality.
Regular Oil Changes
Oil is the lifeblood of your engine. For the 2GR-FE engine, Toyota recommends using 6.4 quarts of 5W-30 synthetic oil. Stick to the manufacturer’s recommendation of changing the oil every 5,000 to 10,000 miles (3,000 to 6,000 miles for more severe driving conditions).
Regular oil changes will not only improve fuel efficiency but also reduce wear on internal engine components, thereby extending the life of your engine.
Cooling System Maintenance
While the 2GR-FE engine is engineered with features to assist with cooling, regular cooling system maintenance is essential for longevity.
Check your coolant levels during every oil change, and make sure to inspect for any leaks, particularly around the radiator, water pump, and hoses. Ignoring coolant levels could lead to overheating and severe damage to your engine.
Drive Belt and Pulleys
A worn No. 2 idler pulley could cause annoying squeaking sounds in some Toyota models. Inspecting the drive belts and pulleys regularly for signs of wear and tear is essential.
f you notice any cracks, fraying, or glazing on the belts, or if the pulleys appear worn or damaged, it’s time for a replacement. Don’t wait for symptoms to appear; prevention is key to prolonging your engine’s life.
Sticking to a well-planned service schedule can greatly contribute to your engine’s lifespan. Here’s a basic timeline:
- Spark Plugs: These should generally be replaced every 60,000 to 100,000 miles.
- Water Pump: Usually good for around 60,000 to 90,000 miles. Replace sooner if you notice leaks.
- Air Filters: Replace approximately every 15,000 to 30,000 miles, more often in dusty conditions.
- Fuel Filter: Replace roughly every 20,000 to 40,000 miles, depending on driving conditions.
Remember that each car’s needs differ; always consult your owner’s manual for the most accurate information.
Quality of Parts
When you do replace parts, make sure you opt for high-quality replacements, ideally OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) parts.
While it might be tempting to save money with cheaper alternatives, low-quality parts can lead to decreased performance and could even damage your engine over time.
Regular professional inspections can catch potential problems before they turn into major issues. Items like the ignition coils and the VVT-I system, which were noted for potential issues in the 2GR-FE engine, can be inspected and addressed during these routine check-ups.
Make it a habit to have your vehicle inspected by a qualified mechanic at least once a year or during major service intervals.
Potential Issues to Be Aware Of
As highlighted earlier, oil leakage can be a concern, particularly with the VVT-I lubrication system. This issue is especially prevalent in models manufactured before 2010. If you have an older model, having your VVT-I system inspected during your routine maintenance check-ups is crucial to prevent oil leakage.
Signs to look out for include oil spots under your vehicle or lower-than-normal oil levels during your regular checks.
A noisy start is a common issue with some 2GR-FE engines. If you experience this, it’s best to have it inspected as soon as possible.
The issue could range from simple factors like needing an oil change to more complex issues, like problems with the timing chain or even the starter motor. Ignoring a noisy start could result in much costlier repairs down the line.
Low Idle Speed
A low idle speed could indicate a dirty throttle body. Although cleaning the throttle body every 30,000 miles is generally recommended, symptoms such as rough idle, stalling at stops, or inconsistent acceleration might indicate that a cleaning is due.
Keeping the throttle body clean will help maintain optimal airflow into the engine, thus ensuring more stable performance.
The water pump is an essential component of the cooling system and should be replaced every 60,000 to 90,000 miles, or sooner if you notice signs of failure.
Symptoms of a failing water pump include coolant leakage, overheating, or strange noises coming from the pump area. Failing to address a faulty water pump can result in severe engine damage due to overheating.
Issues with ignition coils, such as their disarrangement, can lead to various problems like poor fuel economy, misfires, or even engine failure if not detected early. Symptoms to be aware of include a rough idle, decreased power, and reduced fuel efficiency.
A check engine light that flashes intermittently could also indicate ignition coil issues. If you notice any of these symptoms, having your vehicle inspected immediately is crucial to identify the problem and remedy it before it escalates.
Being proactive about these potential issues will ensure that your 2GR-FE engine runs smoothly and efficiently for years to come. Regular maintenance and paying close attention to any unusual behavior from your engine are key to prolonging its lifespan.
The type of fuel you use can make a significant difference in the longevity and efficiency of your engine. Always opt for quality, top-tier fuel from trusted fuel stations. Lower-quality fuels may contain impurities that can cause deposits and corrosion in your fuel system over time, affecting engine performance and longevity.
The way you drive can have a considerable impact on the lifespan of your engine. Good driving habits include avoiding hard acceleration and deceleration, excessive speeding, and not letting the fuel level drop too low. These practices can help reduce engine stress and extend its lifespan.
Consider adopting a smoother driving style and sticking to the speed limits to ensure you’re doing the best you can for your engine.
What is the 2GR-FE engine best known for?
The 2GR-FE engine is known for its balance of power and fuel efficiency. It’s a reliable V6 engine that’s been deployed in various Toyota and Lexus models, offering robust performance and durability when maintained properly.
How often should I change the oil in my 2GR-FE engine?
For most 2GR-FE engines, changing the oil every 5,000 miles or every six months, whichever comes first is recommended. However, always consult your vehicle’s manual for specific recommendations tailored to your model.
Is it costly to maintain a 2GR-FE engine?
The cost of maintaining a 2GR-FE engine is relatively moderate, especially if you adhere to regular maintenance schedules. Proactive maintenance can prevent more significant, costly issues down the line.
What should I do if my engine starts making unusual noises?
If your engine starts making unusual noises, such as a knocking or squealing sound, it’s best to consult a professional mechanic as soon as possible. These noises can indicate a variety of issues, from minor to severe, and should be investigated promptly.
What are the symptoms of a failing water pump?
Symptoms of a failing water pump include an overheating engine, coolant leaks near the front-center of your vehicle, or a high-pitched whining sound from the front of the engine. If you observe any of these, get your water pump inspected immediately.
By following these guidelines and recommendations, you’ll be better equipped to ensure that your 2GR-FE engine remains a reliable powerhouse for years to come.
The information provided in this article is intended for informational and educational purposes only and should not be construed as professional mechanical advice. While the author has made every effort to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the information contained in this article, we make no warranties or representations as to the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information provided.
Any action you take upon the information provided in this article is strictly at your own risk, and we will not be liable for any losses, damages, or injuries incurred as a result of or in connection with the use of this information. It is strongly advised that you consult with a certified BMW mechanic or service center before attempting any maintenance or repair work.