3S GE Engine

Toyota 3S GE-GTE-FE-FSE Engine

The 3S is a 2.0 L (1,998 cc) inline-four engine with an iron block and an alloy head. While based on the 2S engine of very similar displacement, Toyota went through the trouble of changing the long stroke dimensions of the 2S, giving it a 2 mm wider bore and a 4 mm shorter stroke, allowing for the fitment of larger valves and enabling higher power outputs. First introduced in May 1984, the 3S remained in production until 2007.

Toyota 3S engine specs

Manufacturer  Kamigo Plant
Toyota Motor Manufacturing Kentucky
Also called Toyota 3S
Production 1987-2007
Cylinder block alloy Cast-iron
Configuration Straight-4
Valvetrain DOHC
4 valves per cylinder
Piston stroke, mm (inch) 86 (3.39)
Cylinder bore, mm (inch) 86 (3.39)
Compression ratio 8.5 (3S-GTE Gen. 1/Gen. 3)
8.8 (3S-GTE Gen. 2)
9 (3S-GTE Gen. 4)
9.2 (3S-GE Gen. 1)
9.8 (3S-FC, 3S-FE, 3S-FSE)
10 (3S-GE Gen. 2)
10.3 (3S-GE Gen. 3)
11.1 (3S-GE Gen. 4)
11.5 (3S-GE Gen. 5)
Displacement 1998 cc (121.9 cu in)
Power output 82 kW (111 HP) at 5,600 rpm
85 kW (115 HP) at 5,600 rpm
90 kW (122 HP) at 5,600 rpm
94 kW (128 HP) at 6,000 rpm
96 kW (130 HP) at 6,000 rpm
103 kW (140 HP) at 6,200 rpm
110 kW (150 HP) at 6,000 rpm
115 kW (156 HP) at 6,600 rpm
132 kW (179 HP) at 7,000 rpm
136 kW (185 HP) at 6,000 rpm
140 kW (190 HP) at 7,000 rpm
147 kW (200 HP) at 7,000 rpm
156 kW (212 HP) at 7,600 rpm
165 kW (225 HP) at 6,000 rpm
180 kW (245 HP) at 6,000 rpm
191 kW (260 HP) at 6,200 rpm
Torque output 166 Nm (122 lb·ft) at 3,200 rpm
162 Nm (132 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm
169 Nm (125 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm
178 Nm (131 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm
178 Nm (131 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm
175 Nm (129 lb·ft) at 4,800 rpm
192 Nm (142 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm
186 Nm (137 lb·ft) at 4,800 rpm
192 Nm (142 lb·ft) at 4,800 rpm
250 Nm (184 lb·ft) at 3,600 rpm
210 Nm (155 lb·ft) at 6,000 rpm
210 Nm (155 lb·ft) at 6,000 rpm
220 Nm (162 lb·ft) at 6,400 rpm
304 Nm (224 lb·ft) at 3,200 rpm
304 Nm (224 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm
324 Nm (239 lb·ft) at 4,400 rpm
Redline
HP per liter 55.6
57.6
61.1
64.1
65.1
70.1
75.1
78.1
89.6
92.6
95.1
100.1
106.1
112.6
122.6
130.1
Fuel type Gasoline
Weight, kg (lbs) 143  (315) – 3SGE engine
Fuel consumption, L/100 km (mpg)
-City
-Highway
-Combined
for Celica GT Turbo
13.0 (18.1)
8.0 (29.4)
9.5 (24.8)
Turbocharger  Naturally aspirated
Toyota CT26
Toyota CT20B
Oil consumption , L/1000 km
(qt. per miles)
up to 1.0
(1 qt. per 750 miles)
Recommended engine oil 5W-30
10W-30
Engine oil capacity, L (qt.) 4.5 (4.8)
Oil change interval, km (miles) 5,000-10,000
(3,000-6,000)
Normal engine operating temperature, °C (F) ~95 (203)
Engine lifespan, km (miles)
-Official information
-Real

300,000+ (185,000+)
Tuning, HP
-Max HP
-No life span loss
700+
~300

 

Toyota 3S engine is installed in:

Toyota 3S-Ge ENgine

 

Toyota 3S-GE engine is a 4-cylinder engine of the S-family, developed in collaboration with Yamaha. In general  it can be said that this engine is a totally forced S-series motor. One belt twists both camshafts. In the first generations recesses in the piston save from the bending the valve timing at the precipice

There are five generations of the 3S-GE, which were installed on the Toyota Celica, MR2, Rav4, Caldina and Altezza. All 3S-GE engines have a capacity of 2.0 L (1998 cc). It is also worth noting the presence of turbo engine  based on 3sge – the 3SGTE.

FIRST GENERATION

The first generation 3S-GE was issued in May 1984 and 1989, this generation was submitted only for North America, and Japan. North American engine was less powerful than its Japanese counterpart about 135 hp (101 kW). This engine was installed only in the Celica GT-S (ST162).

In the Japanese version engine had a different ECU and missed the EGR valve, so that the output is 160 hp (118 kW) at 6400 rpm and 19.0 kg · m (186 Nm) of torque. The engine was originally raised only in the Toyota Camry / Vista, also revealed the presence CORONA with engine equipment 2.0 GT-R body E-ST171 issue 12.1987 – 10.1989, and a number of machines, but once again ORIGINALLY TE In 84th puts in Toyota Camry / Vista

SECOND GENERATION

The second generation were produced from 1990 to 1993.
This generation has a small increase in power to 165 hp (121 kW), 156 hp (115 kW) for the European market. This generation is more reliable. In the second generation abandoned the T-VIS system has been replaced by the ACIS (Acoustic Control Induction System), it was much more effective. T-VIS remained on the second generation 3S-GTE.

THIRD GENERATION

The third generation, 3S-GE was issued from 1994 to 1999. Maximum power for the Japanese market, was increased to 180 hp (132 kW, 178 hp), while the compression ratio was raised to 10.3: 1. This generation to other countries has 170 hp.

FOURTH GENERATION

Beams 3S-GE was born in 1997. “Black top” and “Red top”. The first version was equipped with a system VVT-I and gives 200 hp (147 kW, 197 hp) at 7000 rpm combined with a manual gearbox. Automatic version had 190 hp (140 kW, 187 hp) at 7000 rpm. This internal combustion engine installed on several models sold only in Japan – MR2 G and G-Limited, Celica ST202 SS-II and SS-III and Caldina. Beams is an acronym that means Breakthrough Engine with Advanced Mechanism System.

“Grey TOP” Beams 3S-GE was installed on the top models of RAV4 and Caldina GT for the Japanese market. Maximum power is 180 hp (132 kW, 178 hp) at 6600 rpm and 190 hp RAV4 (140 kW, 187 hp) in the Caldina GT.

toyota-3s-ge-engine-4th-gen

Fifth Generation

In 1998, a version with double clutch VVT-I (variable valve on the intake and exhaust cams) was released. This generation has the power up to 210 hp (154 kW, 207 hp) at 7600 rpm and 22.0 kg · m (216 Nm) at 6400 rpm. in conjunction with automatic transmission, this internal combustion engine produces 200hp. These engines are installed only on the Altezza RS200.

Toyota-3s-ge-engine

Toyota 3S-GTE Engine

 

3S-GTE was Toyota’s 2 litre inline 4 turbocharged performance engine mainly used to power most powerfull version of Toyota Celica and MR2 models between 1986 to 1999. 3S-GTE was also used on Toyota Caldina GT-4 and GT-T models between 1997 to 2002. 3S-GTE shared the same block cast iron block with its non-turbo sister 3S-GE. The only exceptions were turbocharger oil passages and piston oil coolers present on 3S-GTE. 86mm bore and 86 mm stroke swept a total displacement of 1998cc. The aluminum alloy head featured dual over head cams and 4 valves per cylinder that measured 33.5mm for intake and 29.0mm for exhaust. To increase combustion efficiency, cross flow intake and exhaust layout was coupled with pent-roof combustion chambers. Fuel injectors were placed on the side of the head as opposed to 3S-GE which had the injectors on its top. Toyota continued developing 3S-GTE through out its life span. Although there is no such official classification from Toyota, 3S-GTE engines are generally collected under four generations.

First Generation

First generation of 3S-GTE was released in late 1986 with Toyota Celica ST165. It was equipped with a top mounted air to air intercooler, and single entry CT26 turbocharger that generated 12psi of boost. Intake manifold was featuring Toyota variable induction system (T-VIS) which had dual intake runners per cylinder. This system was used to increase low-end torque of the engine. The compression ratio was set at 8.5:1 and the valve lift was 7.15mm both for intake and exhaust cams. First generation 3S-GTE was delivering 182hp in JDM and European model and 190hp in US model.

Second Generation

Second generation 3S-GTE was first used in ST185 Celica’s which were introduced in 1989. Single entry CT26 turbocharger was replaced with a twin entry version and the valve lift was increased to 8.2mm on both cams. Compression ratio was increased to 8.8:1. Second generation 3S-GTE was using a hydraulic belt tensioner instead of the spring type tensioner used in first generation. Second model to recieve the 3S-GTE was SW20 MR2 released in December 1989. The main difference between the engines used in these models was the location of air to air intercoolers. Celica had a top mounted intercooler whereas MR2 had front mounted intercoolers. US and European versions of second generation 3S-GTE were rated at 200hp. JDM version of second generation 3S-GTE was delivering 220hp through use of ceramic turbine instead of the steel one found in export models. In the end of 1991 Toyota has released a rally homologation version of Celica GT-4 known as Group A Rallye in Australia, RC in Japan and Carlos Sainz Limited Edition in Europe. The engine used in these models had a top mounted water to air intercooler and the output was rised to 230hp by increasing the maximum boost to 16psi.

Third Generation

Toyota introduced the third generation 3S-GTE in late 1993 with Series III Toyota MR2, just a few months before the launch of  Celica ST205 which also used the same engine. Third generation had some major enhancements compared to first two generations. The head was almost redesigned; intake ports were not featuring T-VIS any more and the exhaust ports were widened about 10mm. Third generation 3S-GTE was using CT20B turbocharger which was generating 18psi of boost. Bigger turbocharger needed more air and more fuel. Injector size was increased to 540cc from 430cc. Intake cam lift was raised to 8.7mm and throttle size was now 60mm opposed to 55mm found on previous versions. Map sensor was also revised to cope with the remaining changes. MR2 models were breathing through a front mounted air to air intercooler and making 245 hp where Celica models, equipped with top mounted water-to-air intercoolers, were making 255hp. In late 1997, block casting was revised with added support around the head to prevent block cracking problems

Fourth Generation

Fourth generation was the last and the most powerful generation of 3S-GTE. This engine was only used in Toyota Caldina ST215 and Caldina GT-T models (which is also known as Caldina ST256). Fourth generation was using a new intake manifold. Turbocharger turbine housing was integrated to exhaust manifold. Direct ignition system was used to increase combustion efficiency. Engine internals were also revised for better engine reliability. The final version was delivering 260hp. Production of 3S-GTE ended in 2002 along with Caldina GT-T

3S-GTE usage in Toyotas[10]
Generation Year Model Power Torque
1 1986–1989 Celica ST165 185PS(182HP) @ 6000rpm
190HP @ 6000rpm (North America)
250 N·m (184 lb·ft) @ 4000rpm
258 N·m (190 lb·ft) @ 4000rpm (North America)
2 1990–1993 Celica ST185
MR2 (1990-1992 Turbo)
MR2 (North America 1991-1995)
200HP @ 6000rpm (North America)
205HP @ 6000rpm (UK/Australia Group A Rallye)
225PS(222HP) @ 6000rpm (ST185/MR2)
235PS(232HP) @ 6000rpm (ST185 RC)
271 N·m (200 lb·ft) @ 3200rpm (North America)
281 N·m (207 lb·ft) @ 3200rpm (UK)
275 N·m (203 lb·ft) @ 3200rpm (Group A Rallye)
304 N·m (224 lb·ft) @ 3200rpm (ST185/MR2)
304 N·m (224 lb·ft) @ 4000rpm (ST185 RC)
3 1994–1999 Celica ST205
MR2 (1993+ Turbo except for North America)
245PS(242HP) @ 6000rpm (MR2)
255PS(251HP) @ 6000rpm (ST205)
302 N·m (223 lb·ft) @ 4000rpm (ST205 Group A)
304 N·m (224 lb·ft) @ 4000rpm
4 1997–2001 Caldina ST215 (GT-T) 260PS(256HP) @ 6200rpm 324 N·m (239 lb·ft) @ 4400rpm
4.5 2002–2007 Caldina ST246 (GT-Four) 260PS(256HP) @ 6200rpm 324 N·m (239 lb·ft) @ 4400rpm

Toyota 3S engine problems

The main problems with this engine are related to the BEAMS 3S-GE version. These are the last two generations, which were equipped with the gas distribution system VVT-i and Dual VVT-i. In Russia officially there is only the fourth generation of the engine since the fifth was produced only for the Japanese version of Toyota Altezza.

The new gas distribution system of Toyota Corporation works well in Japan and America, where the quality of fuel does not allow the engine power system to fail quickly. Signs of such “poisoning” of the engine can be very different:

  • The engine stalls in the middle of the road;
  • Does not start with several attempts;
  • Works with interruptions or failures;
  • Does not respond to the accelerator pedal;
  • High fuel consumption;
  • Vibrations.
TOYOTA EXSIOR 2.0L 1994~ 3S-FE A241E

 

TOYOTA EXSIOR 2.0L 1994~ 3S-FE A241E

 

TOYOTA EXSIOR 2.0L 1994~ 3S-FE A241E

 

TOYOTA PREMIO 2.0L 1998~ 3S-FE A247E

 

Toyota 3S-FE – Replacing cam seal

 

Change serpentine belt Toyota Rav4 Engine 3sfe

References

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toyota_S_engine
  2. http://www.jdmspecengines.com/toyota-engines/s-series/3s-ge.html
  3. http://mywikimotors.com/toyota-3s/
No votes yet.
Please wait...
Pages
© 2017 Engine's Work