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Mercedes-Benz R-Class Transmission Fluid Capacity

Mercedes-Benz R-Class Transmission Fluid Capacity

The Mercedes-Benz R-Class stands out as a testament to the brand’s commitment to versatility and luxury. Launched as a luxury MPV/SUV, the R-Class carved a niche for itself, blending the spaciousness of a minivan with the opulence expected of a Mercedes-Benz. Whether you’re embarking on a cross-country adventure or navigating city streets, the R-Class ensures a ride that’s both comfortable and exhilarating.

Key Takeaways:

TransmissionFluid capacityFluid type
R350 7-speed 722.9 without A89 code (Reduced-Friction)Total fill: 9.5 quarts (9 liters)
Drain and refill: 6.9 quarts (6.5 liters)
MB 236.14 Red
R350 7-speed 722.9 with A89 code (Reduced-Friction)Total fill: 9.5 quarts (9 liters)
Drain and refill: 6.9 quarts (6.5 liters)
MB 236.15 Blue
  1. Transmission Fluid’s Role: It acts as a lubricant for the transmission’s moving parts, ensuring smooth gear shifts and optimal performance.
  2. Fluid Types and Specifications: Depending on the generation of the R-Class, specific transmission fluid types and capacities are recommended. For instance, the 3rd Gen R-Class uses MB236.14 (red) or MB236.15 (blue) based on the transmission variant.
  3. Recognizing Transmission Issues: Symptoms like delayed gear shifts, unusual noises, and overheating indicate potential transmission problems. Regular fluid maintenance can prevent many of these issues.
  4. Cost Implications: The average cost of changing the transmission fluid can vary based on factors like location, labor rates, and the quality of the fluid used.
Mercedes-Benz R

But what powers this seamless experience? Beyond the engine and the intricate mechanics lies the unsung hero: the transmission fluid.

This crucial component ensures that your R-Class’s transmission operates smoothly, facilitating gear shifts that are almost imperceptible. It’s the lifeblood that prevents wear and tear, reduces overheating, and guarantees that your drive is as luxurious as the vehicle’s badge suggests.

Understanding the importance of transmission fluid isn’t just for mechanics and enthusiasts. Every R-Class owner should recognize its pivotal role in vehicle maintenance.

After all, ensuring that your car has the right amount and type of transmission fluid is integral to its performance, longevity, and, ultimately, your driving pleasure.

Transmission Fluid Basics

2011 Mercedes-Benz R-class

Functionality:
At its core, transmission fluid serves as the medium that facilitates the seamless operation of a vehicle’s transmission. Think of it as the oil in a well-oiled machine. The transmission comprises numerous moving parts, and without proper lubrication, these components can wear out prematurely, leading to costly repairs and reduced efficiency.

But the fluid’s role doesn’t end at lubrication. It also plays a pivotal part in transferring power from the engine to the transmission, ensuring that your R-Class moves as one cohesive unit.

Moreover, the fluid helps in cooling the transmission, preventing it from overheating during intense driving conditions.

Varieties:
The automotive world isn’t one-size-fits-all, and the same goes for transmission fluids. There are several types available, each tailored to meet specific requirements:

  1. Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF): Most commonly used in vehicles with automatic transmissions, ATF is a versatile fluid that lubricates, cools, and cleans the transmission components.
  2. Manual Transmission Fluid: Specifically designed for manual transmissions, this fluid is thicker than ATF and is formulated to meet the unique demands of manual gearboxes.
  3. Synthetic Transmission Fluid: Offering superior performance over conventional fluids, synthetic variants provide better resistance to oxidation and temperature variations.
  4. Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT) Fluid: For vehicles with CVTs, this specialized fluid ensures that the transmission’s belt or chain remains in optimal condition.
  5. Dual Clutch Transmission (DCT) Fluid: Used in more modern vehicles with dual-clutch systems, DCT fluid is designed to handle the unique demands of these transmissions.

When selecting a transmission fluid for your R-Class, it’s crucial to refer to the vehicle’s manual or consult with a Mercedes-Benz specialist. Using the wrong type can lead to reduced performance and potential damage.

2006 – 2012 Mercedes-Benz R-class Transmission Fluid Capacity And Type

2013 – 2016 X166 (3rd Gen)

  • Fluid type:
    • For 7-speed automatic transmissions (722.9, 7G-Tronic, excluding A89 code): MB236.14 (Red).
    • For 7G-Tronic Plus with A89 code: MB236.15 (Blue).
  • Fluid capacity:
    • Service fill: 6.5 liters.
    • Overhaul fill: Between 8.0 to 9.0 liters.
  • Recommended change intervals: For the most accurate information, always refer to the owner’s manual. However, as a general guideline, consider changing the fluid every 40,000 to 60,000 miles.

2011 – 2012 V251 (1st Gen) Facelift 2

  • Fluid type:
    • For 7-speed automatic transmissions (722.9, 7G-Tronic, excluding A89 code): MB236.14 (Red).
    • For 7G-Tronic Plus with A89 code: MB236.15 (Blue).
  • Fluid capacity:
    • Service fill: 6.5 liters.
    • Overhaul fill: Between 8.0 to 9.0 liters.
  • Recommended change intervals: As with the 3rd Gen, refer to the owner’s manual or consider the 40,000 to 60,000 miles guideline.

2008 – 2010 V251 (1st Gen) Facelift

  • Fluid type:
    • For 7-speed automatic transmissions (722.9, 7G-Tronic, excluding A89 code): MB236.14 (Red).
    • For 7G-Tronic Plus with A89 code: MB236.15 (Blue).
  • Fluid capacity:
    • Service fill: 6.5 liters.
    • Overhaul fill: Between 8.0 to 9.0 liters.
Mercedes Benz Automatic Transmission Fluid ATF 134 (1 Liter)
  • Automatic Transmission Fluid (1 Liter)
  • (ATF 4134) MBZ Approval: 236.14
  • NOTE: This is a high performance fluid designed to optimize shifting performance. For use with the 5-Speed 722.6 & 7-Speed 722.9 Transmission.
  • Mercedes part# 001 989 68 03 13, Genuine Mercedes

2006 – 2007 V251 (1st Gen)

  • Fluid type:
    • For 7-speed automatic transmissions (722.9, 7G-Tronic, excluding A89 code): MB236.14 (Red).
    • For 7G-Tronic Plus with A89 code: MB236.15 (Blue).
  • Fluid capacity:
    • Service fill: 6.5 liters.
    • Overhaul fill: Between 8.0 to 9.0 liters.
Mercedes Benz Automatic Transmission Fluid ATF 134 (1 Liter)
  • Automatic Transmission Fluid (1 Liter)
  • (ATF 4134) MBZ Approval: 236.14
  • NOTE: This is a high performance fluid designed to optimize shifting performance. For use with the 5-Speed 722.6 & 7-Speed 722.9 Transmission.
  • Mercedes part# 001 989 68 03 13, Genuine Mercedes

Recognizing Transmission Issues

Common symptoms indicating transmission problems:

  1. Delayed Gear Shifts: If your R-Class is taking longer than usual to shift between gears or if the shifts are not as smooth as they should be, it could be an indication of low or deteriorated transmission fluid.
  2. Unusual Noises: Hearing grinding or whining sounds when the vehicle is in gear can be a sign of transmission problems. These noises might indicate low fluid levels or the wrong type of transmission fluid being used.
  3. Slipping Gears: If the transmission unexpectedly changes gears or has difficulty staying in gear, this can be a symptom of a transmission issue. This can be caused by worn or damaged internal components, often exacerbated by old or insufficient transmission fluid.
  4. Transmission Overheating: The transmission fluid not only lubricates but also helps to cool the transmission. If the fluid is low or old, it can lead to overheating. Over time, overheating can cause significant damage to the transmission.
  5. Transmission Warning Light: Modern vehicles, including the Mercedes-Benz R-Class, come equipped with sensors that monitor the health of the transmission. If there’s a problem, the transmission or check engine light might illuminate on the dashboard.

Regular maintenance of the transmission fluid is crucial for the health of the transmission. The fluid acts as a lubricant for the moving parts inside the transmission and also helps in dissipating heat. Over time, the fluid can degrade and lose its effectiveness, leading to increased friction and heat within the transmission.

  • Preventive Maintenance: Regularly checking the transmission fluid level and its condition can help in identifying potential issues before they become severe. Dirty or burnt-smelling fluid is a sign that it’s time for a change.
  • Longevity and Performance: Keeping up with the recommended transmission fluid change intervals ensures that the internal components of the transmission are adequately lubricated and cooled. This not only ensures smooth gear shifts but also prolongs the life of the transmission.
  • Cost Savings: Addressing transmission fluid issues early on can prevent more severe and costly transmission problems in the future. Regular maintenance is always more cost-effective than major repairs or replacements.

The transmission fluid plays a pivotal role in the overall performance and longevity of the Mercedes-Benz R-Class. Regular checks and timely fluid changes can go a long way in ensuring a smooth driving experience and prolonging the life of the vehicle.

Mercedes-Benz R-Class Transmission Fluid Change Cost

Changing the transmission fluid of a Mercedes-Benz R-Class is an essential maintenance task that ensures the vehicle’s transmission operates smoothly. On average, for the R-Class:

  • Dealership Service: Expect to pay anywhere from $250 to $400 for a transmission fluid change at a Mercedes-Benz dealership. This cost includes both labor and parts. Dealerships tend to be on the higher end of the price spectrum due to the specialized knowledge of their technicians and the use of genuine Mercedes-Benz parts and fluids.
  • Independent Garage: An independent garage might charge between $150 to $300 for the same service. While they might offer a more competitive rate, it’s crucial to ensure that they use the correct transmission fluid specification as recommended by Mercedes-Benz.

Variables Affecting the Overall Cost

Several factors can influence the final bill for a transmission fluid change:

  1. Type of Service Provider: As mentioned, a dealership might charge more than an independent garage. However, they often provide warranties on their work and use genuine parts.
  2. Regional Price Differences: Labor rates and parts prices can vary significantly based on the region or city. For instance, getting your R-Class serviced in a metropolitan area might be more expensive than in a smaller town.
  3. Quality of Fluid: The type and brand of transmission fluid used can affect the cost. Genuine Mercedes-Benz transmission fluid or high-quality aftermarket brands might be pricier than generic brands.
  4. Additional Services: Some service providers might offer package deals that include other maintenance tasks, such as replacing the transmission filter, checking other fluid levels, or a general vehicle inspection. While this can increase the initial cost, it might offer better value in the long run.
  5. Potential Discounts: Occasionally, dealerships or garages might offer promotions or discounts on service tasks, especially if you’re a regular customer or if you’re getting multiple services done at once.

DIY: Checking and Changing Transmission Fluid

Tools Required:

Before embarking on the task of checking and changing the transmission fluid of your Mercedes-Benz R-Class, ensure you have the following tools on hand:

  1. Jack: To lift the vehicle off the ground.
  2. Jack Stands: To securely support the vehicle while working underneath.
  3. Drain Pan: To collect the old transmission fluid.
  4. Funnel: To help pour the new transmission fluid without spillage.
  5. Socket Set: For removing the transmission pan or drain plug.
  6. Transmission Fluid: Ensure you have the correct type and quantity as specified for your R-Class model.
  7. New Transmission Filter (optional): It’s a good practice to replace the filter when changing the fluid.
  8. Torque Wrench: To tighten the drain plug or pan bolts to the correct specification.
  9. Rags or Paper Towels: For cleanup.

Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Vehicle Preparation: Start the vehicle and let it run for a few minutes to warm up the transmission fluid. This will allow for a more complete drain. Then, turn off the vehicle.
  2. Lifting the Vehicle: Using the jack, lift the front of the vehicle and then securely place it on jack stands.
  3. Draining the Fluid: Position the drain pan beneath the transmission pan. Locate the drain plug and carefully remove it, allowing the old fluid to drain into the pan.
  4. Removing the Transmission Pan (optional): If you’re changing the filter, remove the bolts holding the transmission pan. This will give you access to the filter.
  5. Replace the Filter (if applicable): If you’ve removed the pan, now is the time to replace the filter. Simply remove the old one and install the new filter.
  6. Reinstalling the Pan and Drain Plug: If you removed the transmission pan, reinstall it, ensuring the gasket is in good condition. Tighten the bolts in a crisscross pattern to the specified torque. Reinstall the drain plug.
  7. Refilling the Transmission: Using the funnel, pour the new transmission fluid into the transmission dipstick tube. Be sure not to overfill.
  8. Checking the Level: Start the vehicle and let it run for a few minutes. With the vehicle in neutral and the parking brake engaged, check the transmission fluid level using the dipstick. Add more fluid if necessary.
  9. Final Steps: Turn off the vehicle, remove the jack stands, and lower the vehicle. Dispose of the old transmission fluid responsibly.

Safety Precautions:

  • Level Surface: Always work on a level surface to ensure the vehicle is stable.
  • Safety Gear: Wear gloves and safety glasses to protect yourself from any splashes.
  • Secure the Vehicle: Never rely solely on a jack. Always use jack stands to support the vehicle.
  • Avoid Overfilling: Overfilling the transmission can cause issues. Always check the level with the dipstick.
  • Dispose of Fluid Properly: Old transmission fluid should be disposed of at a local recycling center or auto parts store.

Remember, while DIY can save money, always ensure you’re comfortable with the task. If in doubt, it’s best to seek professional assistance.

Frequently Asked Questions

Mercedes-Benz interior

How often should the transmission fluid be changed?

For the Mercedes-Benz R-Class, the general recommendation is to change the transmission fluid every 30,000 to 60,000 miles. However, it’s crucial to always refer to the vehicle’s owner’s manual or consult with a Mercedes-Benz service center for model-specific intervals.

Factors such as driving conditions, towing, or frequent stop-and-go traffic can influence the frequency of changes.

Can alternative fluid types be used?

While there are various transmission fluids available in the market, it’s highly recommended to use the manufacturer-specified fluid for the Mercedes-Benz R-Class. Using the correct fluid ensures optimal performance, and longevity, and avoids potential transmission issues.

Alternative fluids might not provide the necessary lubrication or could react adversely with the seals and components of the transmission system.

How to identify low or deteriorating transmission fluid?

Low or deteriorating transmission fluid can manifest in several ways:

  1. Burnt Smell: A burnt odor coming from the transmission fluid is a sign that it’s breaking down and needs replacement.
  2. Dark or Dirty Fluid: Fresh transmission fluid is typically a bright red color. Over time, as it collects contaminants, it can turn dark brown or even black. Regularly checking the fluid’s color can help in determining its condition.
  3. Delayed or Rough Gear Shifts: If the vehicle hesitates when shifting gears or if the shifts are rougher than usual, it could be due to low or deteriorated transmission fluid.
  4. Transmission Slippage: This is when the transmission unexpectedly changes gears. It can be caused by low fluid levels or deteriorated fluid that doesn’t provide adequate lubrication.
  5. Unusual Noises: Whining or clunking sounds when the vehicle is in gear can be indicative of transmission issues related to the fluid.

It’s essential to address any of these signs promptly to avoid more significant transmission problems in the future. Regular checks and maintenance can help in early detection and resolution.

Author

Last update on 2024-06-18 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

About Dan Hoffman

Dan is a co-founder of Engineswork. He knows everything about internal combustion engines. Ask your questions in comments down below this article - he will be glad to help you anytime.

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