Jeep Patriots are synonymous with strength, durability, and off-road prowess, offering owners an unmatched driving experience. Whether it’s maneuvering through rugged trails or cruising on city streets, the Jeep Patriot ensures a seamless ride, largely due to its robust transmission system. Central to this system’s smooth operation is the transmission fluid, which serves multiple purposes ranging from lubrication to heat dissipation.
This article aims to provide comprehensive insights into the type and capacity of transmission fluid required for Jeep Patriots, including the MK74 (1st Gen) models from 2007-2017. It also provides an overview of the transmission system, the significance of the transmission fluid, guidance on changing the fluid and identifying symptoms of low transmission fluid.
By understanding these aspects, owners can ensure the optimal performance and longevity of their Jeep Patriot’s transmission system. So, buckle up and get ready for a deep dive into the world of transmission fluid.
Overview of the Jeep Patriot Transmission
The Jeep Patriot, a compact SUV produced by Jeep, is recognized for its reliability and performance both on and off-road. A key player in the functioning of this vehicle is its transmission system, which is responsible for effectively transferring the engine’s power to the wheels.
During the span of its production, the Jeep Patriot came with several transmission options. Earlier models (2007-2010) were equipped with either a 5-speed manual transmission, a continuously variable transmission (CVT), or a 6-speed automatic transmission. Later models (2011-2017) were mainly fitted with the 6-speed automatic transmission, although the 5-speed manual option was still available for those preferring more control over gear shifting.
The 5-speed manual transmission offered a traditional driving experience, with the driver being responsible for shifting gears based on speed and power requirements. The 6-speed automatic transmission, on the other hand, provided convenience and ease, shifting gears automatically based on various factors like engine speed, vehicle speed, and throttle input. The CVT, unique in its functionality, offered a virtually seamless range of gear ratios, enabling optimal engine efficiency irrespective of the vehicle’s speed.
Regardless of the type, each transmission system in the Jeep Patriot was designed to provide a smooth, efficient driving experience. However, the key to maintaining this experience lies in the right care and maintenance of the transmission system, especially in terms of keeping the transmission fluid at the optimal level and condition.
2007-2017 Jeep Patriot Transmission Fluid Capacity And Transmission Fluid Type
The transmission fluid capacity of your Jeep Patriot can depend on several factors, including the year of your model and the type of transmission it has. However, a general guideline is provided below:
- For the 5-speed manual transmission, the fluid capacity is typically around 2.8 quarts.
- For the 6-speed automatic transmission, the fluid capacity for a drain and refill is usually about 5 quarts. Please note that this doesn’t represent the total capacity of the transmission, as a substantial amount of fluid can remain in the transmission and the torque converter during a drain and refill. The total capacity of the 6-speed automatic transmission is around 7.5 quarts.
- For models equipped with the CVT transmission, a simple drain and refill typically requires about 7 quarts, while the total fluid capacity of the transmission is around 8.9 quarts.
|CVT2||Total fill: 8.9 quarts (8.4 liters)|
Initial fill: 7.4 quarts (7 liters)
|5-speed manual||5.7 pints (2.8 quarts)|
|6-speed automatic||Total fill: 7.5 quarts (7.1 liters)|
Initial fill: 5 quarts (4.7 liters)
For Jeep Patriots, both the 2007-2010 and 2011-2017 models, the recommended transmission fluid is Mopar CVTF+4 if you have a CVT transmission. For the manual and automatic transmissions, Mopar ATF+4 Automatic Transmission Fluid is recommended.
The Mopar CVTF+4 is specifically designed for vehicles with CVTs, providing the necessary frictional properties for the transmission’s belts and pulleys.
On the other hand, the Mopar ATF+4 Automatic Transmission Fluid is a high-quality fluid offering excellent lubrication properties, oxidation stability, and thermal resistance, making it suitable for both the 5-speed manual and the 6-speed automatic transmissions.
Importance of Transmission Fluid
Transmission fluid plays a vital role in the functioning and longevity of any vehicle’s transmission system, including that of the Jeep Patriot. Often underestimated, this fluid actually carries out several critical tasks:
- Lubrication: The primary role of transmission fluid is to lubricate the numerous components inside the transmission system. By reducing friction between these moving parts, the fluid prevents wear and tear, thus prolonging the lifespan of the transmission.
- Cooling: Transmissions generate significant heat during operation. Transmission fluid helps absorb this heat and carry it away, preventing overheating that could cause serious damage.
- Power Transmission: In automatic and continuously variable transmissions (CVT), the fluid also acts as a hydraulic fluid, creating the pressure necessary to shift gears.
- Cleaning and Protecting: Transmission fluid contains detergents and other additives that help clean and protect metal surfaces from wear, assist in maintaining the seals, and prevent the formation of foam.
Given the crucial role transmission fluid plays, it’s clear that using the right type of fluid, maintaining it at the appropriate level, and changing it at the recommended intervals are key to ensuring the smooth operation and longevity of your Jeep Patriot’s transmission. Let’s now explore the specific type of transmission fluid recommended for the Jeep Patriot.
How Often to Change the Transmission Fluid In Jeep Patriot
Knowing when to change the transmission fluid in your Jeep Patriot can play a crucial role in maintaining its performance and longevity. For most vehicles, the general recommendation is to change the transmission fluid every 30,000 to 60,000 miles. However, these intervals can vary depending on several factors:
- Driving Conditions: If your Jeep Patriot is regularly used for off-road driving, towing, or in stop-and-go traffic, these harsher conditions can result in faster degradation of the transmission fluid, necessitating more frequent changes.
- Transmission Type: The type of transmission can also affect the frequency of fluid changes. For example, a CVT may require more frequent fluid changes compared to a manual or traditional automatic transmission.
- Manufacturer’s Recommendation: Always refer to your vehicle’s owner’s manual for the manufacturer’s recommended maintenance schedule. For most Jeep Patriots, the recommendation is typically to change the transmission fluid every 60,000 miles under “normal” driving conditions, or every 45,000 miles under “severe” driving conditions.
Remember that maintaining fresh and clean transmission fluid is key to preventing premature wear and damage to your transmission. If you’re uncertain about the condition of your transmission fluid or when to change it, it’s always best to consult with a professional mechanic.
How to Change the Transmission Fluid
Changing the transmission fluid in your Jeep Patriot can be a rewarding task if you’re comfortable with some basic DIY maintenance. Here’s a general guide on how to do it:
What You’ll Need:
- New transmission fluid (as per your vehicle’s specifications)
- Drain pan
- Jack stands or ramps
- Wrench set
- New transmission filter (if applicable)
- New gasket (if applicable)
- Park the Vehicle: Start by parking your vehicle on a level surface. If possible, run the engine until the transmission fluid is warm. This helps the fluid drain more easily.
- Lift the Vehicle: Using jack stands or ramps, lift the front of the vehicle. Ensure the vehicle is securely positioned before getting underneath it.
- Locate the Transmission Pan: Under the vehicle, locate the transmission pan. This is a flat, rectangular pan located underneath the transmission.
- Drain the Fluid: Place the drain pan under the transmission pan. Loosen the drain plug (if available) or carefully remove the bolts from the transmission pan, allowing the fluid to drain out.
- Remove the Transmission Pan and Filter: Once the fluid has drained, completely remove the transmission pan and the filter. Some models may not have a serviceable filter or may require a special procedure to change the filter, so consult your vehicle’s manual if in doubt.
- Clean the Pan: Clean the inside of the transmission pan thoroughly, removing any debris or old gasket material.
- Install New Filter and Pan: Install a new filter if your vehicle has one. Then, replace the gasket and reinstall the transmission pan, tightening the bolts to the specifications listed in your vehicle’s manual.
- Refill the Transmission Fluid: Lower the vehicle and refill the transmission fluid through the dipstick tube, using a long funnel. Be sure not to overfill, as this can cause foaming and erratic shifting.
- Check Fluid Level: Start the engine and let it idle for a few minutes. Then, with the brake applied, shift through each gear before placing it back in park. Check the fluid level using the dipstick and add more if necessary.
Remember, these are general steps and may vary based on the specific model year and type of transmission in your Jeep Patriot. Always consult your vehicle’s manual or a professional mechanic if you’re unsure about any step in this process. Now, let’s move on to discuss the signs of low transmission fluid levels.
Symptoms of Low Transmission Fluid
Maintaining the correct level of transmission fluid in your Jeep Patriot is essential to ensure smooth operation and prevent damage to the transmission system. Understanding the symptoms of low transmission fluid can help you identify issues early and address them promptly. Here are some signs to watch out for:
- Delayed Gear Engagement: If you notice a delay when shifting from park to drive or reverse, it may be a sign that your transmission fluid is low.
- Erratic Shifting or Slipping: If your Jeep Patriot’s transmission is slipping in and out of gears or shifting at unusual times, this could indicate low transmission fluid levels.
- Transmission Overheating: Transmission fluid plays a critical role in cooling the transmission. If your transmission fluid is low, you might notice the transmission overheating, often indicated by a dashboard warning light.
- Noise: Unusual noises like grinding or whining can be signs of low transmission fluid. These noises may be more noticeable in neutral.
- Transmission Fluid Leaks: If you see a red or dark brown fluid under your vehicle, this could indicate a transmission fluid leak, leading to low fluid levels.
- Burning Smell: If your transmission fluid is low or old, it can overheat, leading to a burning smell from your vehicle.
Remember, these symptoms may also be indicative of other transmission issues, not just low fluid levels. If you notice any of these signs, it’s best to consult with a professional mechanic to accurately diagnose and rectify the problem.
The information provided in this article is for general informational purposes only. The author and publisher make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, adequacy, validity, reliability, availability, or completeness of any information presented. The reader is advised to consult a qualified professional, such as a mechanic or dealership, before making any decisions related to their vehicle's engine oil or maintenance.