The manufacture of the Toyota 3RZ-FE motor was initiated in 1994 as a substitution for 22R-E. Being destined for off-road and commercial automobiles, it kept a pretty large capacity for inline-four configuration, reached by application of 95 mm cylinder bore plus forged crankshaft featuring 8 counterbalances and 95 mm stroke. 3RZ utilizes a crankcase with two balancer shafts, serving as a counterpoise to inertia forces of the second order.
The cylinder block features an aluminum dual overhead camshaft with 4 valves per cylinder. Inlet valves are 37.5 mm while exhaust ones are 30.5 mm. Having no hydraulic tappets, valve clearances must be regulated after every 20,000 miles (30,000-40,000 kilometers) are run.
The cold motor has valve clearances of 0.15-0.25 mm inlet and 0.25-0.35 mm exhaust. The timing chain controls the intake camshaft. The long-runner intake manifold permits 3RZ-FE rising torque at low revs. With a firing order of 1-3-4-2, the motor keeps a multi-point injection system plus an electronic spark advanced ignition system.
Along with 3RZ, Toyota also released 2.0L 1RZ and 2.4L 2RZ.
In 2004, this motor was substituted with fresh 2TR-FE.
Engine code explanation:
3 – 3-rd generation engine
RZ – Engine family
F – Economy narrow-angle DOHC
E – Multi-Point Fuel Injection
|Also called||Toyota 3RZ|
|Cylinder block alloy||Cast-iron|
4 valves per cylinder
|Piston stroke, mm (inch)||95 (3.74)|
|Cylinder bore, mm (inch)||95 (3.74)|
|Displacement||2693 cc (164.3 cu in)|
|Power output (horsepower)||112 kW (150 HP) at 4,800 rpm|
|Torque output||240 Nm (177 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm|
|HP per liter||55.7|
|Weight, kg (lbs)||173 (380)|
|3RZ Fuel consumption, L/100 km (mpg)|
15.0 (15 mpg)
9.0 (26 mpg)
12.5 (19 mpg)
|Oil consumption, L/1000 km|
(qt. per miles)
|up to 1.0|
(1 qt. per 750 miles)
|Recommended engine oil||0W-30, 5W-30, 5W-40, 10W-30, 10W-40, 10W-50, 15W-50|
|Engine Oil Capacity, L (qt.)||5.1 (5.4)|
|Oil change interval, km (miles)||5,000-10,000|
|Normal engine operating temperature, °C (F)||90|
|Engine lifespan, km (miles)|
-No life span loss
Toyota 3RZ-FE Engine Oil Capacity
Toyota 3RZ-FE engine requires 6 quarts of 5W-30 synthetic oil with a filter replacement.
Toyota 3RZ Engine Problems and Reliability
- Timing Chain Failure
- Squeaking Serpentine Belt
- Bad Water Pump
- Valve Adjustments (causes burnt exhaust valves from lack of adjustments)
- Balance Shaft Bearing Failure
Any time you need serious engine repair or replacement, the same experienced professionals with thousands of successful repairs and replacements will get the job done. The only components that might fail are things like the block, cylinder heads, and internal parts. When you use forged components to create 150 horsepower in an engine, you’re virtually certain to have excellent durability.
The valves are the only exception to my general advice. Valve failure isn’t very common, but it can happen if valve adjustments aren’t made on a regular basis. Check valve clearance and seating every 25,000 miles, as well as if necessary.
The timing chain problems are becoming less of an issue and more of a maintenance item. The same may be said for faulty water pumps. The serpentine belt is likely to squeak every 100,000 miles, but it’s only a $10 item, so there’s no cause for concern. The last issue, the balance shaft bearing failure, isn’t nearly common enough to worry about in the long run.
3RZ can boast of good reliability and durability, but, clearly, some malfunctions may occur. So, it’s crucial to provide proper service, regulate valves on time and buy only high-quality oil and fuel. By following all maintenance rules, you will face no serious malfunctions for a long time.
A motor’s lifespan may be more than 250,000 miles (400,000 kilometers). After running 120,000 miles (200,000 kilometers), the timing chain must be examined. Though it’s pretty strong, it may stretch and cause motor knocking. In other aspects, 3RZ is almost faultless.
3RZ-FE Cylinder Block Specs
|Cylinder block alloy||Cast-iron|
|Cylinder bore:||95.0 mm (3.74 in)|
|Piston stroke:||95.0 mm (3.74 in)|
|A number of piston rings (compression/oil):||2 / 1|
|A number of main bearings:||5|
|Cylinder inner diameter (standard):||94.990-95.003 mm (3.7398-3.7403 in)|
|Piston skirt diameter (standard):||94.933-94.943 mm (3.7375-3.7379 in)|
|Piston pin outer diameter:||24.000-24.009 mm (0.9449-0.9452 in)|
|Second||0.030-0.070 mm (0.0012-0.0028 in)|
|Second||0.400-0.500 mm (0.0157-0.0197 in)|
|Crankshaft journal diameter:||№3: 59.981-59.994 mm (2.2615-2.3620 in.)|
Other: 59.987-60.000 mm (2.3617-2.3622 in.)
|Crankpin diameter:||52.987-53.000 mm (2.0861-2.0866 in)|
3RZ-FE featured cast-iron block with deep skirt plus bores of 95 mm and stroke of identical size. The crankcase was supplied with double counter-rotating balance shafts, revoking secondary inertia forces essential for inline 4-cylinder motors.
As each piston achieved maximum rising and falling speed above the stroke’s center, the aloft inertial force of two rising pistons exceeded the descending inertial force of two falling pistons. To compensate that, double balance shafts, managed by gear, counter-rotated two times faster than the crankshaft.
Crankshaft, Connecting Rods, And Pistons
3RZ-FE’s forged crankshaft kept 8 counterbalances, making it greatly balanced. Hardened pins, journals and rolled fillets made the crankshaft stronger. Moreover, crankshaft kept a torsional damper pulley, lessening noise and vibrations. Crankshaft main bearings and connecting rods were supplied with plastic region tightening bolts.
Motor’s connecting rods were made of forged carbon steel and were able to resist quick pace and tension. Moreover, they were shot-peened for greater hardness and endurance.
Lower attrition of 3RZ-FE was reached due to aluminum alloy pistons featuring resin-covered skirts. The bottom part of the pistons was cooled thanks to oil pulverized by oil jet in every big-end bearing.
Cylinder Head And Camshafts Specs
|Valve Arrangement:||DOHC, chain drive|
|Valves:||16 (4 valves per cylinder)|
|Valve head diameter:||37.5 mm (1.4764 in)|
|EXHAUST||30.5 mm (1.2008 in)|
|Valve length:||103.45 mm (4.0728 in)|
|EXHAUST||103.60 mm (4.0787 in)|
|Valve stem diameter:||5.970-5.985 mm (0.235-0.2356 in)|
|EXHAUST||5.965-5.980 mm (0.2348-0.2354 in)|
|Camshaft cam height:||45.31-45.41 mm (1.7839-1.7878 in)|
|EXHAUST||45.06-45.16 mm (1.774-1.7779 in)|
|Outer camshaft journal diameter:||26.959-26.975 mm (1.0614-1.062 in)|
3RZ-FE’s aluminum alloy cylinder head was equipped with plastic region tightening bolts.
Timing chain with hydraulic chain tensioner plus oil jet for the lubrication-controlled intake camshaft. Exhaust camshafts were managed by the intake camshaft’s scissors gear, selected for compact packing and able to regulate clearance along with diminishing gear sound.
Valves And Timing
3RZ-FE featured 2 inlet and 2 exhaust valves per each cylinder, located under a 19-degree valve angle. Inlet valves had a diameter of 37.5 mm while exhaust ones were 30.5 mm. Shim over bucket appliance dealt with valve regulation.
Motor’s valve overlapped at 7 degrees. Intake duration was 1230 degrees while exhaust one was equal to 224 degrees.
|Standard||12.5 kgf/cm2 (178 psi) / 200 rpm|
|Minimum||9.0 kgf/cm2 (127 psi) / 200 rpm|
|Compression differential limit between cylinders||1.0 kgf/cm2 (14 psi) / 200 rpm|
|Oil type API||SL “Energy-Conserving”|
|Oil pressure||Idle spped: 29 kPa (0.3 kg/cm3; 4.2 psi)|
At 3,000 rpm: 245-490 kPa (2.5-5.0 kg/cm3; 36-71 psi)
|Spark plug||DENSO: K16R–U11, NGK: BKR5EYA–U|
|Spark plug gap||1.0-1.1 mm (0.0394-0.0433 in)|
|Spark plug torque||20 N·m (2 kg·m, 14.7 ft·lb)|
Valve Clearance Adjustment Data
Calculate the thickness of the new adjusting valve shim so valve clearance comes within specified values.
R = Thickness of removed valve shim
N = Thickness of new valve shim
M = Measured valve clearance
N = R + [M – 0.20 mm (0.008 in)]
N = R + [M – 0.30 mm (0.012 in)]
Valve shims are available in 17 sizes to range from 2.500 mm (0.0984 in.) to 3.300 mm (0.1299 in.), in steps of 0.05 mm (0.0020 in).
Example (exhaust valve):
R = 2.650 mm
M = 0.500 mm
N = 2.650 + (0.50 – 0.30) = 2.800 mm.
Raising torque output by long intake runners, this motor applied double inlet ports for having the maximum advantage from 2 inlet valves per cylinder. Having a 7.1L air cleaner, 3RZ-FE diminished induction sound by providing an intake air collector plus air cleaner hose with an intake air resonator featuring a large capacity design.
Injection and ignition
3RZ-FE’s electronically managed multiport fuel injection determined the amount of intake air mass with the help of hot-wire mass air flow meter. Featuring combustion chambers of the pentroof kind, the engine reached a compression index of 9.5.
The motor was supplied with Electronic Spark Advance, defining ignition timing by the ECM according to inputs from sensors and regulated in concordance with knocking.
What Cars Have A Toyota 3RZ Engine?
- 1995-2004 Tacoma
- 1996-2000 4Runner
- 1994-1998 T100
- 1995-2002 Granvia
- 1995-2004 Hilux
- 1990-2004 HiAce
- 1996-2004 Land Cruiser
- 2001-2009 Land Cruiser (Venezuela only)